Fly Agaric

Poisonous Poisonous
Autumn Autumn
Summer Summer

A beautiful and photogenic mushroom that it is considered toxic but not deadly.

Mushroom Type
Common Names Fly Agaric (EN), Amanita'r Gwybed (CY), Muchomor Czerwony (PL), Légyölő Galóca (HU)
Scientific Name Amanita muscaria
Season Start Aug
Season End Dec
Average Mushroom height (CM) 8-14 Though can be found much bigger occasionally.
Average Cap width (CM) 8-14 Though can be found much bigger occasionally.
Please note that each and every mushroom you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.


8-14 cm. Hemispherical at first when it can sometimes be more orangey than red, then opening flat with a bright red cap covered in white to yellow scales which are the remains of the volvic sack. The scales can be washed off during rain to leave a smooth red cap.


Crowded and free of the stem. White to cream.


8-14 cm tall, 1-2 cm diameter. Appearing from a volva (a bulbous egg like structure) the stem is white with shaggy remains of the volva sticking to it, it also has a skirt higher up the stem.


Superior. Large, pendulous white/off white skirt, usually with yellow edges.


Has a bulbous volva with shaggy rings of scales around it rather than being marginate or having a sac like structure.




Birch woods in particular but can be found in other mixed woodland.

Possible Confusion

The Blusher (Amanita rubescens), pictured,  – where damaged shows pink red blushing,  has a striated ring and no striations on the margin of cap. While toxic raw it’s edible when cooked.
The Grey Spotted Amanita (Amanita excelsa) – close relative of the Blusher, and fairly similar to it, without blushing and usually greyer colours. Although often not considered toxic it is not recommended.
The Panthercap (Amanita pantherina) – very closely related to the Fly Agaric with a darker brown cap. It contains exactly the same toxins as the Fly Agaric, but in more variable and usually higher concentrations.
The Jewelled Amanita (Amanita gemmata) – also closely related to the Fly Agaric and Panthercap, it could pass as a yellowish Fly Agaric (yellow forms of Fly Agaric exist). It might contain the same toxins as the other two but we couldn’t find enough reliable information. Like the Panthercap some books report it as very poisonous, it is wiser to avoid it.

Spore Print

White. Ellipsoid. You should scrape your spores into a small pile to get an accurate spore colour.

Taste / Smell




Other Facts

The common name of this mushroom comes from the medieval practice of breaking up the caps and leaving them in milk to stupefy flies. This mushroom also has hallucinogenic properties which the Lapps have used traditionally in ceremonies and even to round up reindeer who seem to love them.

Considered toxic in most modern field guides, and inclusively in our Wild Food UK guide and video, however in a distant past it was frequently consumed in parts of Europe, Asia and North America after preparation. Scientific studies show that there are methods to efficiently remove the toxins and render it safe for consumption, which explains its use in the past. This is something we weren’t aware of until recently and doesn’t seem to be common knowledge among modern foragers.


27 comments for Fly Agaric

  1. Matthew says:

    I have seen some of these at Owlbeech Woods in Horsham West Sussex. We have been cutting down Silver Birch trees and we came across these!

  2. john heaver says:

    I came across some in mixed woodland this August bank holiday in Wasdale (Lake District).
    Interestingly in regard to the previous post I grew up in Horsham where Owlbeech woods were my childhood playground….small world indeed!!!

  3. Alison Williams says:

    Came back from holiday to find a dozen of these in my urban back garden in Mansfield, Notts.

  4. Wendy Carter says:

    Seem to be plenty in Abbots Wood East Sussex

  5. JubillleeJane says:

    I have these in my garden in Worth, West Sussex. Some are huge. Should I be concerned about picking them up with my fingers?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      Hi JubilleeJane, no mushrooms in the UK can harm you by just touching them although it is always a good idea to thoroughly clean your hands after doing so.

  6. Laura says:

    Strange indeed – I was wanting to identify some mushrooms I had seen in Owlbeech woods in Horsham this weekend and came across this site – with these comments!
    The ones I saw on the top heath were huge!

  7. Jack Joseph says:

    Biborough Ridge hosts ‘a lot’ of these. I have a few growing besides my driveway (Unless they are heavily injured ‘Blushers’). They really provide a fairytale vibe.

  8. Michael Hall says:

    On an episode of BBCs QI they said that there is no evidence of a single death due to the consumption of this fungi (fly agaric). But they don’t get everything right.

  9. Luke Rieman says:

    Picked one of these yesterday and broke it up into a dish of milk. I have a strange and infuriating problem with flies being attracted to my TV, so I’m interested to see if this works!

  10. Max D says:

    Spotted a couple of these the past few days at the Arboretum at Burrator Reservoir in Devon. Brilliant to see!

  11. Pete Wilson says:

    Found a group of very large specimens last night in the woods. Very pretty.

  12. Margi Hais says:

    My mum has many down the bottom of her 300ft garden. Thank you for the information.

  13. Shai cordwell says:

    Lots of these at snipe dales Lincs today 1st time ever seen these mushrooms on walks must have been totally blind before discovering some ink caps last week , but found lots of other kinds too magical day out enjoying the walks and finding musrooms

  14. Sarah says:

    We have just three growing on the green area below Beech but not woodland. Beautiful to see them. We are in the East Midlands.

  15. Rho says:

    We saw many today – Whitmoor Common, Guildford.

  16. Kevin Johnson says:

    I had one few years ago in Aylesbury ,met up with a couple of mates one Sunday lunchtime had a nice pasta meal and one each of these aka the 4th photo at the top.
    Anyway 45 mins later my stomach got rid of the its entire contents and the story begins…….

  17. Drfvts£ says:

    I found 3 and they were more maroon than red.

  18. Lukaniko says:

    What time of year are you more likely to find these as I was looking in the woods around silver birches but couldn’t find any

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      They grow anytime from September to early November in the UK.

  19. Tobias says:

    I saw a few in a birch forest today! They were all very small and eaten though… Should i be finding so many eaten ones?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      Slugs love Fly Agarics.

      1. Jay says:

        I have these growing beside my potted pine tree (saved from after Christmas destruction about 7 years ago). my cat likes to sit in the pot! should I be concerned or just remove them

        1. Eric Biggane says:

          They won’t hurt the cat from touching them or the ground they are growing in. They might make the cat sick if they eat them.

  20. Djalma Antônio says:

    Aqui no Brasil,na província de Santa Catarina,tem muitos deles nas florestas de pinheiros.

  21. Tom Burnett says:

    We were on Brownsdown beach near Lee on Solent today and saw lots of these growing up through shingle. Completely unexpected and unusual by the sound of things!

  22. Andrew Forrest says:

    Yes, the Lapp and Siberian reindeer herders used Fly Agaric . Apparently they taste awful, so the way they were processed was to feed them to the reindeer and then drink the reindeer urine ! This also made the dosage more controlable as the amount of muscimol (the psychoactive content) varies widelyy from one mushroom to another.They were used by shamans for spiritual purpouses, but also generaly as a recreational psycho-active. Bear in mind that in those cold northern climes it is to cold to ferment alcohol, besides which reindeer herders are largely nomadic and travel light;- no capacity for carrying large amounts of liquid. The effects are halucinogenic and also give one a sense of immense power. It has been suggested that the Vikings used them in battle…. the ferocious Beserkers!

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