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Wild Garlic

Edible Edible Spring Spring Summer Summer

From as early as February through to June, Ramsons make up a large part of our diet here at Wild Food UK and are used in pestos, pancakes, soups, stews, vegetable rissoles and anything you would normally use garlic in.

Hedgerow Type
Common Names Wild Garlic, Ramsons, Broad Leaved Garlic, Wood Garlic, Bear Garlic
Scientific Name Allium ursinum
Season Start Feb
Season End Jun
Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.


Has long, broadly lanceolate, green leaves with a single main vein, although when young the leaves are narrower.


Globe shaped groups of tiny white flowers on the end of the stem.

Flower Buds

Green sheaths over the flower.

Seed Pods

The seeds are contained in small, triple seed pods in the middle of the flower. These start green and can be eaten, by the time they have turned black, they aren’t poisonous but will break your teeth.


Has a fairly fine root system, not really worth collecting.


Damp, acidic, deciduous woodland particularly near to streams and damp ditches.

Possible Confusion

With its pungent smell its very hard to confuse this plant with anything else although it does look like Lily of the Valley, pictured, which is poisonous but does not smell of garlic.

The main thing to look out for when collecting wild garlic is not to grab handfuls of the stuff but to gather each leaf individually, as Arum not only looks a similar when young but also grows in the same environment, also other nasty plants to avoid may be lurking amoungst the Wild Garlic.


Pungently garlic.


The strong and hot garlic taste is lessened by cooking and age but the really hot garlic ‘bombs’ are the flower buds and young seeds.




The whole plant can be used raw or cooked and can usually be found in great swathes making collecting it quick and easy but be careful not to pick up other stray leaves while gathering.
It is best to leave the roots alone as the leaves are tastier and there are no ‘bulbs’ only some small roots, rather like a spring onion.

Medicinal Uses

This plant is known to reduce high blood pressure and cholesterol levels and like bulb garlic has more medicinal claims than space to print them.

Other Facts

Ramsons are a wild relative of chives and are always a good sign of established woodland.


4 comments for Wild Garlic

  1. milo says:

    Are Allium ursinum and Allium tricoccum subspecies or separate species?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      They are separate species.

  2. Maelduin says:

    I have a different kind of wild garlic in my garden – it looks like bluebells, but white, and the bulbs are triangular. Person who gave it to me (damn, it’s invasive!) said she eats no other garlic now, uses it all the time.

    1. Attila Fodi says:

      Yes, three-cornered leek (Allium triquetrum) is an invasive species from the Mediterranean Basin, but at least it is tasty…

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