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The Prince

Edible Edible
Autumn Autumn
Summer Summer

Can accumulate cadmium so best picked from the wild away from urban spaces and busy roads.

Mushroom Type
Common Names The Prince (EN), Caws Cennog y Coed (CY), Pieczarka Okazała (PL), Óriás Csiperke (HU)
Scientific Name Agaricus augustus
Season Start Jul
Season End Nov
Average Mushroom height (CM) 20
Average Cap width (CM) 20
Please note that each and every mushroom you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.


Spherical when young becoming convex. Covered in concentric chestnut brown scales on a white to pale yellow background. Can stain yellow on the edges where touched.


Gills starting off white to pink, maturing to dark brown. Crowded. Not attached to the stem.


White to pale cream and smooth above the skirt and covered in small brown scales below.


A large pendulous skirt.


White sometimes with a yellow tinge where cut or bruised.


Mixed woodland, particularly under conifers, lawns and roadsides, .

Possible Confusion

The Inky Mushroom (Agaricus moelleri), pictured, looks similar but the chemical, unpleasant smell of the flesh of this mushroom should keep you safe.
The Prince also looks a little like some of the Lepiotas but these always have white/off white gills not the pale pink to brown gills of the Agaric family.

Spore Print

Purple/chocolate brown. Ellipsoid.

Taste / Smell

Excellent. Mushroomy. The flesh smells of bitter almonds. Should be cooked before consumption.



Other Facts

One of our favourite mushrooms.


9 comments for The Prince

  1. Junko King says:

    Hi I have found very similar agaricus prince.
    It’s beautiful and closed cup, but I did take a photo of old ones.

    Many thanks,


  2. Carl says:

    We’ve lived in our house in South Wales for 8 years and we’ve never seen the Prince here before. Now suddenly, a group of 20cm examples have popped up. Will have one for lunch. Hope to see them again!

  3. Mark says:

    I’m a beginner mushroom hunter. I know of a small conifer wood that has been producing the occasional Prince every week but so far I have only taken one textbook example. The reason I have left the others is the lack of skirt. On the one example I did take the large skirt was very delicate and was removed with the slightest of handling. The ones I left were otherwise identical to the one I took including an obvious almond oil smell. They did have shreds of the vale hanging from the outer edge of their cap.

    The lack of skirt on my “Prince” was not a one-off. Is it possible/likely to find examples of these mushrooms without a skirt?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      If the skirt has been damaged or eaten it may be missing but Princes always have a skirt.

  4. Colin says:

    I’ve noticed in your pictures that some Prince mushrooms have gills and some to not. Why is this?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      When The Prince and several other mushrooms first emerge, the gills are covered by a veil that becomes the skirt as the mushroom grows larger.

  5. Tom Lake says:

    Great explainer- just found a large clump in out local park and had a suspicion they were edibles having pored over your guides in previous autumns and these matched every characteristic and images here in your guide. Thank you Wildfood UK for spreading the knowledge!

  6. Craig says:

    Found some prince this morning, and they really do smell like marzipan when the cap is cut, had them on toast and were delicious

  7. Paul Simonite says:

    There is a patch of Agaricus augustus not far from my house. I seem to be the only one in the area that knows about them so each year I enjoy a big mushroom feast. They never seem to be maggoty – is that normal, I wonder, or perhaps because I am in the north of scotland?

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