One of the larger Waxcaps, the Crimson Waxcap is less common than the Scarlet Waxcap but can grow in large numbers in the right conditions which means fields, meadows and heaths that have been left free of chemicals, fertilisers or ploughing.
There have been reports from North America that a few people have suffered gastric upsets from eating these mushrooms but no reports from Europe yet.
Being fairly rare this beautiful mushroom, although edible, is better to admire and photograph than to pick for any reason.
|Common Names||Crimson Waxcap (EN), Cap Cwyr Rhuddgoch (CY), Wilgotnica Karminowa (PL), Vérvörös Nedűgomba (HU)|
|Scientific Name||Hygrocybe punicea|
|Average Mushroom height (CM)||12|
|Average Cap width (CM)||8|
Deep red but fading to yellow or paler from the center of the cap. The cap starts conical/bell shaped but will open out to flat with upturned edges in older specimens.
Fairly widely spaced, starting yellow but turning red with age. The gills can be free of the stem or adnexed (run down the stem).
Yellow turning to red further up the stem but white and slightly rooting at the base. The stem is quite stout and fibrous.
Fields and heaths with short grass that have been left natural and not fertilised or ploughed for a long time.
The Splendid Waxcap (Hygrocybe splendidissima), pictured, is very similar but usually has a twisted, folded stem and the cap can feel drier.
The Scarlet Waxcap (Hygrocybe coccinea) is smaller with a thinner stem and red flesh.
The Blackening Waxcap (Hygrocybe conica) is smaller and the flesh will dicolour black when bruised or even just touched.
Taste / Smell
Waxcaps are becoming fairly rare due to loss of habitat so they should only be eaten when found in profusion and some mushrooms should always be left behind.
I just wanted to say that I found your website by chance and found it very informative.
I think I found a crimson or scarlet wax cap this morning whilst out at work
I live in Carlisle / Northern England and had never seen one before. It’s a privilege when they’re so rare and lovely to see the colours of creation in months when there is so little colour
We think we have a little cluster of wax caps on the lawn. I’d post a photo if I could!
You can send photos for identification to [email protected]. Please ensure you send clear photos including the cap, gills and stem for mushrooms and leaves, flowers, buds, pods and a photo of the entire plant. Any additional info can help with the ID, like smells, location and size.