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Crimson Waxcap

Edible Edible
Autumn Autumn
Winter Winter

One of the larger Waxcaps, the Crimson Waxcap is less common than the Scarlet Waxcap but can grow in large numbers in the right conditions which means fields, meadows and heaths that have been left free of chemicals, fertilisers or ploughing.
There have been reports from North America that a few people have suffered gastric upsets from eating these mushrooms but no reports from Europe yet.
Being fairly rare this beautiful mushroom, although edible, is better to admire and photograph than to pick for any reason.

Mushroom Type
Common Names Crimson Waxcap
Scientific Name Hygrocybe punicea
Season Start Sep
Season End Dec
Average Mushroom height (CM) 12
Average Cap width (CM) 8
Please note that each and every mushroom you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.

Cap

Deep red but fading to yellow or paler from the center of the cap. The cap starts conical/bell shaped but will open out to flat with upturned edges in older specimens.

Gills

Fairly widely spaced, starting yellow but turning red with age. The gills can be free of the stem or adnexed (run down the stem).

Stem

Yellow turning to red further up the stem but white and slightly rooting at the base.The stem is quite stout and fibrous.

Flesh

Mainly white or concolourous with the outside of the mushroom towards the edges.

Habitat

Fields and heaths with short grass that have been left natural and not fertilised or ploughed for a long time.

Possible Confusion

The Scarlet Waxcap, Hygrocybe coccinea, pictured, or the Splendid Waxcap, Hygrocybe splendidissima. The Scarlet Wax cap is smaller and has a thin stem and red flesh, the Splendid Waxcap has an irregular, wavy, flattened stem.
The Blackening Waxcap, Hygrocybe nigrescens and the Conical Waxcap, Hygrocybe conica but both blacken on cutting or with age.

Spore Print

White. Ellipsoid.

Taste / Smell

Mushroomy.

Frequency

Fairly rare.

Other Facts

Waxcaps are becoming fairly rare due to loss of habitat so they should only be eaten when found in profusion and some mushrooms should always be left behind.

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