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Vermillion Waxcap

Edible Edible
Autumn Autumn
Winter Winter

A small red Waxcap that is fairly easy to identify as it has a scurfy cap unlike most other Waxcaps which have smooth, greasy caps. Being fairly rare and small this beautiful mushroom, although edible, is better to admire and photograph than to pick for any reason.

Mushroom Type
Common Names Vermillion Waxcap (EN), Cap Cwyr Fermiliwn (CY), Wilgotnica Purpurowa (PL), Apró Nedűgomba (HU)
Scientific Name Hygrocybe miniata
Season Start Sep
Season End Dec
Average Mushroom height (CM) 2-5
Average Cap width (CM) 1-5
Please note that each and every mushroom you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.


1-5 cm. Has a dry, scurfy cap that starts red but fades to orange yellow with age. Can have an uneven to almost scalloped edge.


Pale yellow widely spaced gills which can have an orange or red hue. Broadly joined to the stem (adnate) with a small decurrent tooth.


2-5 cm long, 0.2-0.5 cm diameter. Concolourous with the cap and smooth.


The flesh is thin and off white.


In pastures, fields with short grass and open woodland.

Possible Confusion

Some of the other small red waxcaps like the Scarlet Waxcap (Hygrocybe coccinea), pictured, but these have greasy caps unlike the miniatas scurfy cap.

Spore Print

White, ellipsoid.

Taste / Smell

Mushroomy but this mushroom is very small and is best left in the ground.



Other Facts

Waxcaps don’t like to be disturbed or sprayed so will be found where fields and woodland have been left alone.
It is now thought that waxcaps grow in association with mosses, before it was thought that waxcaps were saprophytic living or decaying organic matter.


2 comments for Vermillion Waxcap

  1. josh says:

    how do the wax cap mushroom get their energy in the rain forest

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      Mushrooms don’t require light to grow and the ground in a rain forest contains lots of organic matter.

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