Brown Roll Rim

Poisonous Poisonous
Autumn Autumn
Summer Summer

This common and deadly poisonous mushroom is thankfully easy to identify.

Mushroom Type
Common Names Brown Roll Rim, Poison Pax, Common Roll Rim
Scientific Name Paxillus involutus
Season Start Aug
Season End Nov
Average Mushroom height (CM) 8
Average Cap width (CM) 20
Please note that each and every mushroom you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.


Flattened with a slight depression towards the middle with the edges always rolling under to the gills. Rusty brown with a slimy cap when wet.


Gills very pale yellow/brown bruising darker. Crowded and running down the stem.


Pale brown, smooth and darkening on bruising.


Pale brown yellow darkening on cutting.


Broad leaved woodland, particularly birch and  on heathland and grassland including lawns.

Possible Confusion

A distinctive mushroom with some variability. After recent DNA studies mycologists have now divided this mushroom in a group of species, but beside looking quite similar for foraging purposes all Roll Rim species (Paxillus sp.) should be treated as poisonous.
The Velvet Roll Rim (Tapinella atrotomentosa) is similar but grows on wood and it’s also not considered safe for consumption.

At a first glance it could sometimes resemble one of the  Milkcaps (Lactarius) but unlike those it doesn’t exude any milk from the gills.

Spore Print

Burnt brown. Ellipsoid.

Taste / Smell

Do not taste any part of this mushroom.


Very common.

Other Facts

This mushroom contains a toxin that can be neutralised by lengthy boiling and discarding the water several times but this does not remove another toxin that can build up in the body over time and eventually lead to a rather nasty death. It is eaten in certain parts of Eastern Europe but still leads to deaths every year there. Definitely a mushroom to avoid.

Despite having gills this mushroom is closer related to Boletes (mushrooms with pores) than other gilled mushrooms.


11 comments for Brown Roll Rim

  1. Michelle says:

    Brown Roll Rim

    While cutting the grass I discovered lots of these under the birch tree. I’ve removed all I spotted. We have two dogs and one of them has been very interested in this area. I know it’s deadly to humans but can’t see anything on dogs. Worried he may have eaten some before I spotted them!
    Many thanks

  2. Kenneth Miller says:

    If these are accidentally ingested what should you do ?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      If anybody ingests what they think are poisonous mushrooms then medical help should be sought immediately, the symptoms of some poisonous mushrooms do not become apparent for several days, allowing the poison to really get to work doing sometimes irreparable damage.

    2. Jasper says:

      Would cross contamination be an issue with these mushrooms?
      I used the same knife I cut a brown roll rim in half with to prepare some COTW.
      The COTW was washed and cooked thoroughly afterwards.
      Just to ease my thoughts more than anything or weather I should seek some medical advice.
      Thank you

      1. Eric Biggane says:

        You will not be poisoned by using the same knife, you need to ingest some of the mushroom. That said, try to keep your knife clean if cutting poisonous and edible mushrooms.

  3. John Colley says:

    I too have found a clutch of these growing under my Fir Trees. how do I dispose of them and prevent further growth?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      It is difficult to kill off mushrooms without damaging nearby plants and the environment. If you have children you are worried about, education is better than removing the mushrooms, if you are still worried, pull the mushrooms up and dispose of them.

  4. Emma says:

    We have a cluster of these in our garden, how do we safely dispose please?

    1. Eric Biggane says:

      I’m not sure how to get rid of them permanently, fungicides can damage the ecosystem of your garden. Place them in a bag and put them in your landfill bin to dispose of them.

  5. Paul says:

    Do these crack on the cap? I have a nutty fungi, very like this, however it doesn’t bruise, and spores are sienna, it is not sour, but tastes of hazelnuts. I am struggling as I think I have a rhodocybe, but it seems its gills are a little too decurrent, and its spore is the wrong [email protected] confused. Any help?

    1. Jesse Lo Bianco says:

      Please do not taste any part of a foraged mushroom that you have not positively identified (or where even look-alikes won’t be highly toxic)
      Unfortunately I can’t help you with identifying your mushroom, but implore you to stay safe on your foraging adventures!

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