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Hedgerow Food Guide


Hedgerows are a great place to find most of  the plants listed in this section, but have a look around the woods and fields and you will find many of them there too.

Our hedgerow food guide is far from a comprehensive guide of UK plants. We have provided a simple guide of some of the best ones to eat and the most important ones not to pick. We are largely restricted by good photography of these plants. As we get more photos we will add more plants, but if you have any suggestions for plants to add or good photos we could use please get in touch.

If you are identifying plants for food please use multiple sources of identification and never eat anything unless you are 100% sure what it is. We will not be held responsible for the use of the information in this website.

If you want to learn more about foraging then why not book on one of our Foraging Courses

Edible Poisonous In Season All

Edible


Latin Name Common Name Type Season Start Season End
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Edible March November
Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder Edible February October
Alliara petiolata Hedge Garlic Edible March September
Allium triquetrum Three Cornered Leek Edible February June
Allium ursinum Ramsons Edible February June
Anthriscus cerefolium Wild Chervil Edible All year All year
Apium nodiflorum Fools Watercress Edible March December
Aquilegia Columbine Edible February September
Arctium minus, Arctium lappa Burdock Edible February November
Asparagus officinalis, Asparagus prostratus Asparagus Edible April June
Bellis perenis Daisy Edible All year All year
Betula pendula Silver Birch Edible All year All year
Borago officinalis Borage Edible March October
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherds Purse Edible All year All year
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress Edible All year All year
Cardamine pratensis Ladies Smock Edible March August
Chamerion angustifolium Rose-Bay Willow Herb Edible April October
Chenopodium album Fat Hen Edible All year All year
Cochlearia danica Danish Scurvy Grass Edible February October
Conopodium majus Pignut Edible March July
Coronopus didymus, Lepidium didymum Lesser Swine Cress Edible All year All year
Crataegus monogyna/laevigata Hawthorn Edible March November
Fagus sylvatica Beech Tree Edible All year All year
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet Edible March September
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry Edible March September
Galium aparine Cleavers Edible January December
Geum urbanum Wood Avens Edible All year All year
Heracleum sphodylium Hogweed Edible March November
Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan Balsam Edible March November
Lamiastrum Dead Nettles Edible January December
Lunaria annua Honesty Edible February August
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon Grape Edible All year All year
Malus sylvestris Crab Apple Edible All year All year
Malva sylvestris Mallow Edible All year All year
Matricaria discoidea Pineapple Weed Edible May September
Nasturtium officinale Watercress Edible March December
Oxalis acetosella Wood Sorrel Edible March December
Plantago coronopus Stagshorn Plantain Edible All year All year
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain Edible March November
Plantago major Greater Plantain Edible March December
Primula vulgaris Primrose Edible March June
Prunus domestica subsp insititia Damson Edible September October
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn (Sloe) Edible September December
Ranunculus ficaria Lesser Celendine Edible February December
Ribes uva-crispa Wild Gooseberry Edible June September
Rubus fruticosus Bramble Edible March October
Rubus idaeus Wild Raspberry Edible July September
Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel Edible All year All year
Rumex acetosella Sheeps Sorrel Edible January December
Sambucus nigra Elder tree Edible All year All year
Sinapis arvensis Wild Mustard Edible February October
Smyrnium olusatrum Alexanders Edible All year All year
Sonchus oleraceus Sow Thistle Edible All year All year
Stellaria holostea Greater Stitchwort Edible March June
Stellaria media Chickweed Edible All year All year
Symphytum officinale Comfrey Edible May October
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Edible January December
Tilia Lime Tree Edible All year All year
Trifolium Clovers Edible All year All year
Umbilicus rupestris Pennywort Edible February September
Urtica dioica Nettle Edible All year All year
Vaccinium myrtillus Bilberry Edible July September
Vicia sativa Vetch Edible March October
Violata odorata Violet Edible January December


Poisonous


Latin Name Common Name Type Season Start Season End
Aethusa cynapium Fools Parsley Poisonous March October
Arum maculatum Lords and Ladies Poisonous February December
Conium maculatum Hemlock Poisonous March September
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant Hogweed Poisonous March August
Jacobaea vulgaris Ragwort Poisonous All year All year
Mercurialis perennis Dogs Mercury Poisonous March November
Oenanthe crocata Hemlock Water Dropwort. Poisonous March September
Ranunculus Buttercups Poisonous All year All year
Taxas Baccata Yew Tree Poisonous September November


In Season


Latin Name Common Name Type Season Start Season End
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Edible March November
Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder Edible February October
Aethusa cynapium Fools Parsley Poisonous March October
Alliara petiolata Hedge Garlic Edible March September
Allium triquetrum Three Cornered Leek Edible February June
Allium ursinum Ramsons Edible February June
Anthriscus cerefolium Wild Chervil Edible All year All year
Apium nodiflorum Fools Watercress Edible March December
Aquilegia Columbine Edible February September
Arctium minus, Arctium lappa Burdock Edible February November
Arum maculatum Lords and Ladies Poisonous February December
Asparagus officinalis, Asparagus prostratus Asparagus Edible April June
Bellis perenis Daisy Edible All year All year
Betula pendula Silver Birch Edible All year All year
Borago officinalis Borage Edible March October
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherds Purse Edible All year All year
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress Edible All year All year
Cardamine pratensis Ladies Smock Edible March August
Chamerion angustifolium Rose-Bay Willow Herb Edible April October
Chenopodium album Fat Hen Edible All year All year
Cochlearia danica Danish Scurvy Grass Edible February October
Conium maculatum Hemlock Poisonous March September
Conopodium majus Pignut Edible March July
Coronopus didymus, Lepidium didymum Lesser Swine Cress Edible All year All year
Crataegus monogyna/laevigata Hawthorn Edible March November
Fagus sylvatica Beech Tree Edible All year All year
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet Edible March September
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry Edible March September
Galium aparine Cleavers Edible January December
Geum urbanum Wood Avens Edible All year All year
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant Hogweed Poisonous March August
Heracleum sphodylium Hogweed Edible March November
Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan Balsam Edible March November
Jacobaea vulgaris Ragwort Poisonous All year All year
Lamiastrum Dead Nettles Edible January December
Lunaria annua Honesty Edible February August
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon Grape Edible All year All year
Malus sylvestris Crab Apple Edible All year All year
Malva sylvestris Mallow Edible All year All year
Matricaria discoidea Pineapple Weed Edible May September
Mercurialis perennis Dogs Mercury Poisonous March November
Nasturtium officinale Watercress Edible March December
Oenanthe crocata Hemlock Water Dropwort. Poisonous March September
Oxalis acetosella Wood Sorrel Edible March December
Plantago coronopus Stagshorn Plantain Edible All year All year
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain Edible March November
Plantago major Greater Plantain Edible March December
Primula vulgaris Primrose Edible March June
Ranunculus Buttercups Poisonous All year All year
Ranunculus ficaria Lesser Celendine Edible February December
Ribes uva-crispa Wild Gooseberry Edible June September
Rubus fruticosus Bramble Edible March October
Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel Edible All year All year
Rumex acetosella Sheeps Sorrel Edible January December
Sambucus nigra Elder tree Edible All year All year
Sinapis arvensis Wild Mustard Edible February October
Smyrnium olusatrum Alexanders Edible All year All year
Sonchus oleraceus Sow Thistle Edible All year All year
Stellaria holostea Greater Stitchwort Edible March June
Stellaria media Chickweed Edible All year All year
Symphytum officinale Comfrey Edible May October
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Edible January December
Tilia Lime Tree Edible All year All year
Trifolium Clovers Edible All year All year
Umbilicus rupestris Pennywort Edible February September
Urtica dioica Nettle Edible All year All year
Vicia sativa Vetch Edible March October
Violata odorata Violet Edible January December


All


Latin Name Common Name Type Season Start Season End
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Edible March November
Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder Edible February October
Aethusa cynapium Fools Parsley Poisonous March October
Alliara petiolata Hedge Garlic Edible March September
Allium triquetrum Three Cornered Leek Edible February June
Allium ursinum Ramsons Edible February June
Anthriscus cerefolium Wild Chervil Edible All year All year
Apium nodiflorum Fools Watercress Edible March December
Aquilegia Columbine Edible February September
Arctium minus, Arctium lappa Burdock Edible February November
Arum maculatum Lords and Ladies Poisonous February December
Asparagus officinalis, Asparagus prostratus Asparagus Edible April June
Bellis perenis Daisy Edible All year All year
Betula pendula Silver Birch Edible All year All year
Borago officinalis Borage Edible March October
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherds Purse Edible All year All year
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress Edible All year All year
Cardamine pratensis Ladies Smock Edible March August
Chamerion angustifolium Rose-Bay Willow Herb Edible April October
Chenopodium album Fat Hen Edible All year All year
Cochlearia danica Danish Scurvy Grass Edible February October
Conium maculatum Hemlock Poisonous March September
Conopodium majus Pignut Edible March July
Coronopus didymus, Lepidium didymum Lesser Swine Cress Edible All year All year
Crataegus monogyna/laevigata Hawthorn Edible March November
Fagus sylvatica Beech Tree Edible All year All year
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet Edible March September
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry Edible March September
Galium aparine Cleavers Edible January December
Geum urbanum Wood Avens Edible All year All year
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant Hogweed Poisonous March August
Heracleum sphodylium Hogweed Edible March November
Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan Balsam Edible March November
Jacobaea vulgaris Ragwort Poisonous All year All year
Lamiastrum Dead Nettles Edible January December
Lunaria annua Honesty Edible February August
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon Grape Edible All year All year
Malus sylvestris Crab Apple Edible All year All year
Malva sylvestris Mallow Edible All year All year
Matricaria discoidea Pineapple Weed Edible May September
Mercurialis perennis Dogs Mercury Poisonous March November
Nasturtium officinale Watercress Edible March December
Oenanthe crocata Hemlock Water Dropwort. Poisonous March September
Oxalis acetosella Wood Sorrel Edible March December
Plantago coronopus Stagshorn Plantain Edible All year All year
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain Edible March November
Plantago major Greater Plantain Edible March December
Primula vulgaris Primrose Edible March June
Prunus domestica subsp insititia Damson Edible September October
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn (Sloe) Edible September December
Ranunculus Buttercups Poisonous All year All year
Ranunculus ficaria Lesser Celendine Edible February December
Ribes uva-crispa Wild Gooseberry Edible June September
Rubus fruticosus Bramble Edible March October
Rubus idaeus Wild Raspberry Edible July September
Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel Edible All year All year
Rumex acetosella Sheeps Sorrel Edible January December
Sambucus nigra Elder tree Edible All year All year
Sinapis arvensis Wild Mustard Edible February October
Smyrnium olusatrum Alexanders Edible All year All year
Sonchus oleraceus Sow Thistle Edible All year All year
Stellaria holostea Greater Stitchwort Edible March June
Stellaria media Chickweed Edible All year All year
Symphytum officinale Comfrey Edible May October
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Edible January December
Taxas Baccata Yew Tree Poisonous September November
Tilia Lime Tree Edible All year All year
Trifolium Clovers Edible All year All year
Umbilicus rupestris Pennywort Edible February September
Urtica dioica Nettle Edible All year All year
Vaccinium myrtillus Bilberry Edible July September
Vicia sativa Vetch Edible March October
Violata odorata Violet Edible January December