Yew Tree

Poisonous Poisonous Autumn Autumn Summer Summer

Apart from the flesh on the berries the rest of the Yew contains taxines which are very toxic. This also applies to any mushrooms growing on or under the tree as there is the possibility they may take in the taxines.

Hedgerow Type
Common Names Yew Tree, English Yew
Scientific Name Taxus baccata
Season Start Sep
Season End Nov
Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos.

Leaves

Flat dark green needles growing opposite each other spiraling down a thin stem.

Male Flowers

They are not true flowers but clusters of stamen. The male ‘flowers’ appear in February/March and start as Brussels sprout like growths that turn into pale yellow sacs of small spheres before opening to drop its anthers and release lots of pollen.

Female Flowers

The female ‘flower’ is a single ovule covered in scale like bracts that when pollinated will grow over the Summer into a seed surrounded in bright red flesh.

Fruit

Only growing on female trees, they are arils rather than berries and the edible red flesh surrounds the poisonous seed.

Trunk

Yews always have gnarled, twisted red/brown trunks.

Bark

Red to brown and flaking.

Habitat

Hedgerows, woodland, churchyards, parks and shady field edges and can also be grown and used as hedging.

Possible Confusion

With its needles it can look a bit like a pine (pictured) but the twisted, red/brown trunk and short spreading foliage should help with identification. Also there are usually two or more needles joined together on pines.

Taste

The flesh on the berries is very sweet and a bit like a lychee.

Frequency

Common.

Collecting

The only edible part of a Yew is the aril or ‘berry’ flesh, the small stone in the middle is toxic and must not be chewed or swallowed. The flesh comes away from the seed easily and is best done in the mouth as long as you remember to spit out the seed!

Medicinal Uses

Taxines are used in various forms as chemotherapy drugs in the treatment of some cancers.

Other Facts

The Yew is one of the oldest living plants in Europe with reports of trees up to 9000 years old but is impossible to date them exactly and it is thought some of the older trees are about 2000 years old, still quite impressive.
The Fortingall Yew in Perthshire, Scotland, has the largest recorded trunk girth in Britain and experts estimate it to be anywhere from 2,000 to 7,000 years old.
Yews are thought to be the tree of the dead and can often be found in churchyards and cemeteries, it is not known if they were planted by Christians or pre-date Christianity and are more connected with the early Britons.
Yews are the best wood for making long bows and have been used as such for centuries.

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