Identifying Edible and Poisonous Wild Plants

Our Hedgerow Guide aims to help you forage for British plants that are relatively common in the wild, easy to find and good to eat – and to avoid those that are inedible or poisonous.

Never rely on one source for plant identification, and never eat anything unless you are 100% sure it is edible. We will not be held responsible for the use of the information in this guide.

Hedgerows are a great place to find most of these plants, but do look around in woods and fields as many grow there too.

You can filter to see what’s in season currently. If you want to learn more about wild food and foraging then why not come one of our courses?

Choose a type of hedgerow:
Choose a season of interest:

This guide is here to help keep you safe, however, please ensure that you use multiple sources for identifying plants. Only eat a wild food if you yourself are 100% sure what it is. It should also be noted that there are a couple of plants that you should not touch without gloves. We will not be held responsible for any misidentification, or any other use of the information on this website.

Photo Sort by common name : Common Name Sort by scientific name : Scientific Name Type Start End
Yarrow Yarrow Achillea millefolium Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Monkshood Monkshood Aconitum napellus Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Ground Elder Ground Elder Aegopodium podagraria Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Hedge Garlic Hedge Garlic Alliara petiolata Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Few Flowered Garlic Few Flowered Garlic Allium paradoxum Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Jul
Three Cornered Leek Three Cornered Leek Allium triquetrum Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Feb Season End : Oct
Wild Garlic Wild Garlic Allium ursinum Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Feb Season End : Jun
Wild Chervil Wild Chervil Anthriscus sylvestris Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Fools Watercress Fools Watercress Apium nodiflorum Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Mar Season End : Dec
Columbine Columbine Aquilegia Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Apr Season End : Jul
Burdock Burdock Arctium minus, Arctium lappa Edible Autumn Winter Season Start : Sep Season End : Dec
Lords and Ladies Lords and Ladies Arum maculatum Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Asparagus Asparagus Asparagus officinalis, Asparagus prostratus Edible Spring Season Start : Mar Season End : May
Wintercress Wintercress Barbarea vulgaris Edible Spring Winter Season Start : Dec Season End : Jun
Daisy Daisy Bellis perenis Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Silver Birch Silver Birch Betula pendula Edible Spring Season Start : Mar Season End : Mar
Borage Borage Borago officinalis Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Sep
White Briony White Briony Bryonia dioica Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Shepherds Purse Shepherds Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Hairy Bittercress Hairy Bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Lady's Smock Lady's Smock Cardamine pratensis Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Sweet Chestnut Sweet Chestnut Castanea sativa Edible Autumn Season Start : Sep Season End : Nov
Rose-Bay Willow Herb Rose-Bay Willow Herb Chamerion angustifolium Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Apr Season End : Oct
Fat Hen Fat Hen Chenopodium album Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Apr Season End : Oct
Pink Purslane Pink Purslane Claytonia sibirica Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Scurvy Grass Scurvy Grass Cochlearia officinalis/danica Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Aug
Hemlock Hemlock Conium maculatum Poisonous Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Sep
Pignut Pignut Conopodium majus Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Jun
Lesser Swine Cress Lesser Swine Cress Coronopus didymus Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Hawthorn Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna/laevigata Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Foxglove Foxglove Digitalis sp Poisonous Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Sep
Beech Tree Beech Tree Fagus sylvatica Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Apr Season End : Nov
Meadowsweet Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Wild Strawberry Wild Strawberry Fragaria vesca Edible Summer Season Start : May Season End : Aug
Cleavers Cleavers Galium aparine Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Wood Avens Wood Avens Geum urbanum Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Giant Hogweed Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Hogweed Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Himalayan Balsam Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Ragwort Ragwort Jacobaea vulgaris Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Dead Nettles Dead Nettles Lamium sp Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Pheasant Berry Pheasant Berry Leycesteria formosa Edible Autumn Summer Season Start : Jul Season End : Oct
Honesty Honesty Lunaria annua Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Oregon Grape Oregon Grape Mahonia aquifolium Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Crab Apple Crab Apple Malus sylvestris Edible Autumn Season Start : Aug Season End : Nov
Mallow Mallow Malva sylvestris Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Pineapple Weed Pineapple Weed Matricaria discoidea Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : May Season End : Oct
Watermint Watermint Mentha aquatica Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Apr Season End : Oct
Dogs Mercury Dogs Mercury Mercurialis perennis Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Watercress Watercress Nasturtium officinale Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Hemlock Water Dropwort. Hemlock Water Dropwort. Oenanthe crocata Poisonous Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Feb Season End : Jul
Wood Sorrel Wood Sorrel Oxalis acetosella Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Stagshorn Plantain Stagshorn Plantain Plantago coronopus Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Ribwort Plantain Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Nov
Greater Plantain Greater Plantain Plantago major Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Cowslip Cowslip Primula veris Edible Spring Summer Season Start : May Season End : Sep
Primrose Primrose Primula vulgaris Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Jun
Damson Damson Prunus domestica subsp insititia Edible Autumn Season Start : Sep Season End : Oct
Cherry Cherry Prunus Family Edible Spring Summer Season Start : May Season End : Jun
Blackthorn (Sloe) Blackthorn (Sloe) Prunus spinosa Edible Autumn Season Start : Sep Season End : Nov
Lesser Celendine Lesser Celendine Ranunculus ficaria Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Jun
Buttercups Buttercups Ranunculus sp Poisonous Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Wild Gooseberry Wild Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa Edible Summer Season Start : Jun Season End : Aug
Bramble Bramble Rubus fruticosus Edible Autumn Spring Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Wild Raspberry Wild Raspberry Rubus idaeus Edible Autumn Summer Season Start : Jun Season End : Sep
Common Sorrel Common Sorrel Rumex acetosa Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Sheeps Sorrel Sheeps Sorrel Rumex acetosella Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Elder tree Elder tree Sambucus nigra Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : May Season End : Oct
Wild Mustard Wild Mustard Sinapis arvensis Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Aug
Alexanders Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum Edible Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Sep
Sow Thistle Sow Thistle Sonchus spp. Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Greater Stitchwort Greater Stitchwort Stellaria holostea Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Jun
Chickweed Chickweed Stellaria media Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Comfrey Comfrey Symphytum officinale Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : May Season End : Oct
Dandelion Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Yew Tree Yew Tree Taxus baccata Poisonous Autumn Summer Season Start : Sep Season End : Nov
Lime Tree Lime Tree Tilia sp Edible Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Aug
Clovers Clovers Trifolium sp Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Pennywort Pennywort Umbilicus rupestris Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Nettle Nettle Urtica dioica Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec
Bilberry Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus Edible Summer Season Start : Jul Season End : Sep
Vetch Vetch Vicia sativa Edible Autumn Spring Summer Season Start : Mar Season End : Oct
Violet Violet Viola odorata Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter Season Start : Jan Season End : Dec